School of Life Sciences | Ask A Biologist

dropdown arrow downdropdown arrow upshow/hide menu

Ask A Biologist heading

Bird Details

Hawk Like Hawk Like

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon
copyright Robert Shantz
Length: 20 in. (51 cm)
The most cosmopolitan of all bird species, the Peregrine Falcon nests on every continent, except Antarctica, and most islands throughout the world. Its habitat is also broad, and it can be found from Arctic tundra to desert, coastal estuaries and tropical forest. The nest is scraped out of dirt and sand on a cliff ledge, abandoned hawk nest in a tree or even the window sill of tall buildings in cities. It feeds by flying high over its prey and folding its wings in a spectacular controlled fall or stoop reaching speeds up to160 miles per hour (250 kph). It usually hits the prey with its claws folded fist-like. Birds ranging from small kinglets to grouse and geese are the primary food, but it also pursues rabbits, bats, and rodents on occasion. In North America, the species is now recovering from a disastrous decline in the 1940s and 1950s caused by egg shell thinning from insecticides. Captive breeding and reintroductions have been key to this recovery. The four-digit banding code is PEFA.

Aerial
Aerial

Desert
Desert

Grasslands
Grasslands

Mudflat
Mudflat

Open water
Open water

Agricultural
Agricultural

Savanna
Savanna

Cliffs / boulders
Cliffs / boulders

There are no audio files saved for this bird.

There are no sonograms saved for this bird.

 

Share to Google Classroom

Be part of Ask A Biologist

by volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteer page to get the process started.

dropdown arrow downdropdown arrow up  Learn More

Share to Google Classroom

Be part of Ask A Biologist

by volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteer page to get the process started.