School of Life Sciences | Ask A Biologist

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Facts and Myths

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Facts and Myths

Myths:

  • Vitamins give you energy
  • Some people need very high amounts of vitamins to be healthy
  • Organic vitamins are better than synthetic vitamins
  • The more vitamins, the better
  • You can't get enough vitamins from the foods you eat

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Facts: 

Water Soluble Vitamins

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Water Soluble Vitamins

Thiamin

What it does:

  • helps convert the food we eat to the energy we need

Foods that have thiamin:

  • spinach, tomato juice, watermelon, sunflower seeds, ham

Deficiency problems:

Fat Soluble Vitamins

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Fat Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin A - discovered in 1913

What it does:

  • helps eyesight
  • keeps skin healthy
  • helps with growth of body organs (like bones)

Foods that have vitamin A:

  • liver, fish, milk, butter, eggs, carrots

Deficiency problems:

ABC's of Vitamins

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ABC's of Vitamins

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  • Energy: the ability to do work. Animals eat plants or other animals to get their energy to do work. Plants use the Sun's light energy to make their own food (energy).
  • Fat soluble vitamin: vitamins that are fat soluble are stored in the fat in our bodies.
  • Water soluble vitamins: vitamins that are water soluble dissolve in water and are not stored in our bodies.

vitaminsYou may take a vitamin tablet in the morning. We are often told "Eat your fruit and vegetables because they have vitamins." What's so important about vitamins? While they do not provide energy like protein from meat and sugar from breads, they do help to convert this energy into the energy your body uses.

Since our bodies can't make vitamins, we need to get them from the food we eat. There are 11 vitamins we need to get from the foods we eat.

Why Are English Sailors Called Limeys?

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Why Are English Sailors Called Limeys?

By Corinne Corte
Illustrated by CJ Kazilek

show/hide words to know

  • Ascorbic acid: the scientific term for vitamin C... more
  • Essential vitamin: a vitamin is called essential when we need to get it from our diet.
  • Hypothesis: a possible reason or explanation for an observation.
  • Scurvy: disease caused by vitamin C deficiency.
  • Slang: sometimes playful, and informal words or speech that can also be used in a negative manner to describe people or places.
  • Vitamin C: an essential vitamin found in fruits and vegetables such as oranges, strawberries, broccoli and peppers... more
  • Vitamin deficiency: when you do not eat enough of the vitamin.

Images in this article are linked to more information.

Conservation Opportunities!

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Conservation Opportunities!

Participate in Conservation!

Landscape Type Examples

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Landscape Type Examples

Various Habitat Types

Kazakstan is a land-locked region with a continental climate. The continental climate is caused by the cold patterns from the north mixing with warm patterns from the south. Kazakstan has various habitat types located in specific regions throughout the republic. However, 50% of the area supports desert and semi-desert conditions, while 25% is steppe and the remaining 25% is compromised of lakes, mountains, seas and rivers.

Who lives in Kazakhstan?

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Who lives in Kazakhstan?

Who lives in Kazakhstan?

babushka

Presently, Kazakstan has a population of 16.5 million people. Kazakstan's main nationalities are 48% Kazak and 34% Russian. There are also people of more than 120 other nationalities that live in the Republic: 800 thousand Ukraine, 500 thousand German, 400 thousand Uzbeks and 300 thousand Tatars. Of this whole population, 56% live in urban and 44% in rural communities.

Steppe Eagle & Hobby

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Steppe Eagle & Hobby

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Steppe eagle and eaglet on Naurzum zapovednik

hobby

Hobby nesting in Tersek pine forest

Vertebrate Animals

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Vertebrate Animals

Mammals and Birds of Naurzum Zapovednik


The largest of the mammal species found in the zapovednik are the wolf, moose and wild boar. The saiga antelope, once an abundant species in the zapovednik, has disappeared from the area due to disease. These antelope are unique to Kazakhstan and some parts of Russia. Other mammals include: roe deer, lynx, particolored bat, polecats (similar to ferrets), weasels, foxes, badger, pine marten and ermine.

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