Is a butterfly's brain the same as the one it had when it was a caterpillar?

Grade Level: 
5

This is a great question! Actually most of the parts (tissue) that we would call the brain in a caterpillar is broken down during metamorphosis and rebuilt in the adult butterfly. Remember we said most. The muscles are also broken down and rebuilt. This makes sense because of what you have probably observed – caterpillars crawl and butterflies walk and fly. They need different types of muscles for the different ways they move.

What is especially interesting is that the brain cells that aren't completely broken down are mostly the ones that send signals to the muscles to tell them to move. So even though the muscles in the caterpillar and butterfly are different, many of the brain cells that signal those muscles in the caterpillar will remain the same through metamorphosis and signal the new muscles in the butterfly. How neat is that?


To learn more about butterflies, try these links.

Blue butterfly image by Iaian Lawrie.

 

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Bibliographic details:

  • Article: Is a butterfly's brain the same as the one it had when it was a caterpillar?
  • Author(s): Dr. Biology
  • Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist
  • Site name: ASU - Ask A Biologist
  • Date published: May 12, 2017
  • Date accessed: September 18, 2020
  • Link: https://askabiologist.asu.edu/fr/node/3328

APA Style

Dr. Biology. (2017, May 12). Is a butterfly's brain the same as the one it had when it was a caterpillar?. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved September 18, 2020 from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/fr/node/3328

American Psychological Association. For more info, see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/

Chicago Manual of Style

Dr. Biology. "Is a butterfly's brain the same as the one it had when it was a caterpillar?". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 12 May, 2017. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/fr/node/3328

MLA 2017 Style

Dr. Biology. "Is a butterfly's brain the same as the one it had when it was a caterpillar?". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 12 May 2017. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 18 Sep 2020. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/fr/node/3328

Modern Language Association, 7th Ed. For more info, see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/

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