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Why is Rudolp's nose red?

Hulking Biology

An interview with Dr. Gerry McDermott of the National Center for X-ray Tomography. Dr. Biology tours the synchrotron that is also called the giant monster. Dr. Biology learns how the football sized facility is used to power a new kind of microscope.

Content Info | Transcript


MP3 download | 15MB

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Topic Time
Introduction - driving to the synchrotron 00:00
Why are the microscopes called X1 and XM2? 03:06
Micronauts - study inner space 03:32
Journey inside a cell - take a tour of the parts of a cell 03:59
Plasma Membrane 04:43
Membrane Channels 05:00
Cytoplasm 05:42
Cytoskeleton 06:03
Nucleus - DNA 06:33
Nuclear Pores 07:20
Transcription and Messenger RNA 07:34
Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R.) 08:04
Ribosome's and proteins 08:16
Rough E.R. 08:47
Proteins 09:03
Organelles - literally tiny organs 09:27
Golgi apparatus 09:50
Mitochondria - ATP 10:21
Organelle trivia - Why is Golgi capitalized? 11:20
How things move and are transported around the cell 11:39
A view of the synchrotron from above 12:25
Why are synchrotrons round? 13:16
Hard and soft X-rays 13:47
How do you see cells if they are transparent? [labeling cells] 14:53
Walking to the XM2 microscope lab 15:37
What and why do you need a vacuum for particle accelerators? 16:35
What does tomography mean? 17:05
Example of how tomography is used today. [CAT scans] 17:58
Entering the laboratory - description of the microscope. 18:37
Description of the microscope. 19:17
Can any cells be placed in the microscope and do you have to do anything special to the cells? [freezing] 20:20
Viewing an image of a cell from the XM2 - Skittles? 21:28
What can we do with this new microscope? 23:15
Drug trafficking 23:39
Cancer treatment research 24:10
How was the microscope designed and built? 24:49
How long did it take to build the microscope? 25:21
More details on the look of the microscope 25:53
Importance of collaboration in large projects. 27:08
When did you first know you wanted to be a biologist? 28:10
What would you do if you were not a biologist? 29:03
What advice do you have for someone interested in being a biologist? 29:44
Sign-off 31:06

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Hulking Biology

By Charles Kazilek

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Be part of Ask A Biologist

by volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteer page to get the process started.