School of Life Sciences | Ask A Biologist

dropdown arrow downdropdown arrow upshow/hide menu

Why is Rudolp's nose red?
scurvy subheader image

ABC's of Vitamins

show/hide words to know

  • Energy: the ability to do work. Animals eat plants or other animals to get their energy to do work. Plants use the Sun's light energy to make their own food (energy).
  • Fat soluble vitamin: vitamins that are fat soluble are stored in the fat in our bodies.
  • Water soluble vitamins: vitamins that are water soluble dissolve in water and are not stored in our bodies.

vitaminsYou may take a vitamin tablet in the morning. We are often told "Eat your fruit and vegetables because they have vitamins." What's so important about vitamins? While they do not provide energy like protein from meat and sugar from breads, they do help to convert this energy into the energy your body uses.

Since our bodies can't make vitamins, we need to get them from the food we eat. There are 11 vitamins we need to get from the foods we eat.

Four of these vitamins dissolve in fat (are fat soluble). They are found in foods that contain fat and are stored in fat in our body - vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Seven of these vitamins dissolve in water (are water soluble). They are not stored in our body. The seven vitamins are B vitamins that includeactivities
 link thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, B6, B12, and vitamin C.

There are many things vitamins do for us and some things they do not do. Here are some of the facts and myths about vitamins. 

 

 

 

Share to Google Classroom

Be part of Ask A Biologist

by volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteer page to get the process started.

dropdown arrow downdropdown arrow up  Learn More

Share to Google Classroom

Be part of Ask A Biologist

by volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteer page to get the process started.