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Bird Details

Pigeon Like Pigeon Like

Montezuma Quail

Cyrtonyx montezumae

Montezuma Quail
copyright Robert Shantz
Length: 9 in. (23 cm)
Usually more common than it appears, this small quail can hide motionless only a few feet from you only to explode in flight in a heart-stopping instant as you almost step on it. At other times, however, the Montezuma Quail will stand obviously in the middle of a path or road. Its habitat is open oak pine-oak woodlands with bunch grass. Small family groups form coveys in the fall and winter. Their food includes fruit, acorns, and insects. The nest is a depression in the ground and overhung with long grass. Although it is hunted in some areas, populations have been severely impacted by overgrazing and forest clearing in parts of its range. The four-digit banding code is MONT.

Oak-pine woodland
Oak-pine woodland

Savanna
Savanna

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Male
Buzzing (sound type)
Bird Call
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CR_MONTEQUAIL_1_051704_S.jpg
Male
Buzzing (sound type)
Bird Call

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Be part of Ask A Biologist

by volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. Scientists, teachers, writers, illustrators, and translators are all important to the program. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteer page to get the process started.