Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus
Rufous Hummingbird thumbnail
Length: 4 in. (10 cm )
On its summer breeding grounds, this species is a relatively common in coniferous forest near open meadows. Here it feeds on flower nectar, tree sap, small insects and spiders. Its nest is a tiny cup-like structure on a drooping limb low to high in the forest. It is made of plant down and covered with lichens and spider webbing. This hummingbird, for its size, is one of the most pugnacious species, and it readily chases almost all other hummingbirds as well as orioles and larger birds from its nectar sources. It is readily attracted to artificial nectar feeders, especially in migration.

The four-digit banding code is RUHU.

Female | Robert Shantz

Fir forest

Oak-pine woodland

Urban city
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Bibliographic details:

  • Article: Rufous Hummingbird
  • Author(s): Dr. Biology
  • Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist
  • Site name: ASU - Ask A Biologist
  • Date published: July 13, 2017
  • Date accessed: March 22, 2018
  • Link:

APA Style

Dr. Biology. (2017, July 13). Rufous Hummingbird. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved March 22, 2018 from

American Psychological Association. For more info, see

Chicago Manual of Style

Dr. Biology. "Rufous Hummingbird". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 13 July, 2017.

MLA 2017 Style

Dr. Biology. "Rufous Hummingbird". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 13 Jul 2017. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 22 Mar 2018.

Modern Language Association, 7th Ed. For more info, see
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