European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris
European Starling thumbnail
Length: 9 in. (22 cm )
In 1890, 60 starlings from Europe were released into New York\'s Central Park. Using food and nesting cavities associated with humans, they multiplied and spread across North America to become one of the most wide spread and common species on the continent. They nest opportunistically in a wide range of cavities, and they can compete with native species, such as bluebirds and woodpeckers for nest sites. They feed on fruits, invertebrates and a wide range of food types. During the winter they gather in immense flocks, often together with blackbirds and robins. They can imitate the songs and calls of many other bird species.

The four-digit banding code is EUST.


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Bibliographic details:

  • Article: European Starling
  • Author(s): Dr. Biology
  • Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist
  • Site name: ASU - Ask A Biologist
  • Date published: July 13, 2017
  • Date accessed: June 13, 2024
  • Link:

APA Style

Dr. Biology. (2017, July 13). European Starling. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved June 13, 2024 from

American Psychological Association. For more info, see

Chicago Manual of Style

Dr. Biology. "European Starling". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 13 July, 2017.

MLA 2017 Style

Dr. Biology. "European Starling". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 13 Jul 2017. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 13 Jun 2024.

Modern Language Association, 7th Ed. For more info, see
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