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Keyword: a significant word from a title or document that is used to index content.
Primary source: material written or created by the person who is closest to the original work and/or research... more
Before the Internet and the Web there were reference materials like encyclopedias and dictionaries. These “old fashioned” books were often used by students when they were required to write a paper for school.
Today there is a giant virtual encyclopedia of knowledge. Wikipedia began in 2001 and soon became a favorite research destination for students. It was free and only a few keyword searches away from information on almost any topic. Now anyone who can get on the Internet and search the Web had this online tool at their fingertips.
Soon this amazing tool was being used and misused by students around the world. The only problem was that many students only used Wikipedia for their papers. After all, it had all the answers and images too. Sounds great, right?
Teachers were quick to catch on to this newest of student shortcuts. In little time this Web tool was no longer welcome in the classroom. Teachers had two common reasons for it being banished as a research and reference source. The first was: how could we trust a source that was created and edited by the world? After all, anyone with a computer, Web browser, and access to the Internet can edit a page in Wikipedia. Second, Wikipedia was blamed for being too good. Like in the past with paper reference tools, students only used this one source for their papers.
If a person spends any length of time exploring Wikipedia it is clear that its quality has become very good. Pages that are not well written and backed up by a thorough list of primary references are clearly labeled at the top with a warning.
Try creating or modifying a Wikipedia entry and be prepared for review by many human eyes and also some robots (called bots) that crawl the site looking for incorrect grammar, missing sections, and poorly referenced entries. Over time Wikipedia has grown and its quality of content has improved to a level that matches traditional reference materials. Some might argue that it is better.
Even though the quality of Wikipedia has improved, there is still the second concern of teachers: it is not a primary source. It is just a virtual encyclopedia, even if it is a good one, and students need to do more than visit one source when preparing their papers. So while Wikipedia may provide a good guide to start out with, students should still work to locate primary sources.
Hidden within the millions of topics in Wikipedia are two very powerful, but often overlooked, sections. Let’s take a look at these hidden gems by looking up the biology term macrophage (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macrophage). This is one type of the good cells in our bodies that keep us healthy. Once the macrophage page is open, the first thing to notice is the Wikipedia section. It does not have any warning sign. That is great. It also has a nice summary of what is on the page in a content box. It lists all the sections and materials that are part of the page. In this case it includes images, illustrations, and some cool movies (media).
All of the Wikipedia content is great as an introduction to macrophages, but the best part of the page is actually at the end of the content list and page. This Wikipedia entry includes references and external links. Almost hidden by their location, these two sections are the doorway to primary sources and other respected resources for that perfect “A” paper.
Even if Wikipedia is forbidden by your teacher, the reference section is filled with primary sources and other links. These two sections make Wikipedia a powerful tool. It should be one of your first stops on your quest for knowledge. Just make sure it is not your last.
CJ Kazilek. (2011, April 20). Using Wikipedia. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved March 26, 2019 from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/using-wikipedia
CJ Kazilek. "Using Wikipedia". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 20 April, 2011. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/using-wikipedia
CJ Kazilek. "Using Wikipedia". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 20 Apr 2011. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 26 Mar 2019. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/using-wikipedia