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There are 92 elements that occur naturally on Earth. For living things, only 11 of these elements are found in larger than trace quantities. Any amount 0.01% or less is considered a trace element. For vertebrates, such as humans, there are two additional elements that occur in larger than trace amounts these are Iodine and Iron. The periodic table of elements below is color coded to show the elements found in the human body.
Of the elements found in the human body, four of them make up the largest percentage of our body weight (96.2%). The four elements are oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen. Before you start thinking we should float away with all the oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen atoms, remember that the oxygen molecules are mainly part of the water in our body (H2O). In fact, over half of the human body is made up of water (50-70%).
Dr. Biology. (2009, September 27). Atoms & Life. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved December 18, 2018 from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/content/atoms-life
Dr. Biology. "Atoms & Life". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 27 September, 2009. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/content/atoms-life
Dr. Biology. "Atoms & Life". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 27 Sep 2009. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 18 Dec 2018. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/content/atoms-life