Scurvy in sailors

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Energy: the ability to do work. Animals eat plants or other animals to get their energy to do work. Plants use the Sun's light energy to make their own food (energy).

Fat soluble vitamin: vitamins that are fat soluble are stored in the fat in our bodies.

Water soluble vitamins: vitamins that are water soluble dissolve in water and are not stored in our bodies.

ABCs of Vitamins

vitaminsYou may take a vitamin tablet in the morning. We are often told "Eat your fruit and vegetables because they have vitamins." What's so important about vitamins? While they do not provide energy like protein from meat and sugar from breads, they do help to convert this energy into the energy your body uses.

Because our bodies can't make vitamins, we need to get them from the food we eat. There are 13 vitamins we need.

Four of these vitamins dissolve in fat (are fat soluble). They are found in foods that contain fat and are stored in fat in our bodies - vitamins A, D, E, and K.

Nine of these vitamins dissolve in water (are water soluble). They are not stored in our bodies. Eight of these vitamins are B vitamins that includeactivities
 link thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, B6, B12, biotin, and pantothenic acidVitamin C is also water soluble.

There are many things vitamins do for us and some things they do not do. Here are some of the facts and myths about vitamins. 




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Bibliographic details:

  • Article: ABC's of Vitamins
  • Author(s): Dr. Biology
  • Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist
  • Site name: ASU - Ask A Biologist
  • Date published: October 8, 2009
  • Date accessed: October 21, 2018
  • Link:

APA Style

Dr. Biology. (2009, October 08). ABC's of Vitamins. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved October 21, 2018 from

American Psychological Association. For more info, see

Chicago Manual of Style

Dr. Biology. " ABC's of Vitamins". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 08 October, 2009.

MLA 2017 Style

Dr. Biology. " ABC's of Vitamins". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 08 Oct 2009. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 21 Oct 2018.

Modern Language Association, 7th Ed. For more info, see
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