Cloning Ewe
Written by: Faye Farmer
Illustrated by: Sabine Deviche

show/hide words to know

Differentiation: when a cell chooses a particular genetically determined path that causes it to perform only a few specialized tasks... more

DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid is the information \"blue-print\" of the cell. It is a nucleic acid and is made from building blocks called nucleotides. This genetic information is passed from parent to child... more

Egg: a female gamete, which keeps all the parts of a cell after fusing with a sperm.

Ewe: pronounced \"you,\" a female, or girl, sheep.

Gamete: specialized cells found in your reproductive organs that have half the amount of DNA of somatic cells. These cells combine to make a fertilized egg... more

Gene: a region of DNA where a specific set of instructions for one trait is kept. We get some of our genes from our mother and some from our father... more

Nucleus: where DNA stays in the cell, plural is nuclei.

Organism: a living thing that can be small like bacteria or large like an elephant.

Somatic cells: the cells in your body, except for gametes. Soma is Latin for body.

Sperm: a male gamete, which only transfers its DNA to the egg... more

Introduction to Cloning

Have you ever sat down to do your homework, looked out of the window and said, "There should be two of me. One to stay here and do my homework and one to play out there." Think of the possibilities! What trouble could you get into if there were two of you? How much fun could you have? If only you had your very own clone! Or maybe you do have your very own clone...

send in 
    the clones what's a 
    clone? nuclear 
    transfers

We do have clones living among us today. These clones are called identical twins. A clone is an organism, plant or animal that has the exact same genetic blueprint as another organism. If we have clones everywhere around us, what's the big deal about cloning?

Cloning that is covered by the news today is special because we can manipulate cells in such a specific way that we can create clones outside of the body. We are also able to choose which genetic blueprint we want to insert into the cell. The technology came about by studying cells from plants and animals. Scientists discovered what cells require to grow and divide outside the body, what cells need to become specialized cells, and how to use technology to replace the genetic material of a cell.

cell 
  differentiation the 
  story of dolly clone-clusion

The first mammal to be cloned was a sheep named "Dolly." Dolly has the genetic material of a white faced sheep, but her mother was a black faced sheep. Since then, several other animals have been cloned and maybe even some people.

This technology is being used more and more by scientists. Cloning is still not an exact science and we do not really know the overall effects of cloning on the organism's health. These issues create some important ethical questions about how we use this technology today and how we will use it in the future.


Credits: Mannequins image via Bioethics.com. Publised under Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0.

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Bibliographic details:

  • Article: Cloning Ewe
  • Author(s): Faye Farmer
  • Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist
  • Site name: ASU - Ask A Biologist
  • Date published: September 24, 2009
  • Date accessed: August 15, 2018
  • Link: https://askabiologist.asu.edu/explore/cloning-ewe

APA Style

Faye Farmer. (2009, September 24). Cloning Ewe. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved August 15, 2018 from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/explore/cloning-ewe

American Psychological Association. For more info, see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/

Chicago Manual of Style

Faye Farmer. "Cloning Ewe". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 24 September, 2009. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/explore/cloning-ewe

MLA 2017 Style

Faye Farmer. "Cloning Ewe". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 24 Sep 2009. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 15 Aug 2018. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/explore/cloning-ewe

Modern Language Association, 7th Ed. For more info, see http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/08/
Nearly identical mannequins

Living clones would have identical DNA, and so in most cases would look almost exactly the same.

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