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Bacteria: one-celled, microscopic organisms that grow and multiply everywhere on Earth. They can be either useful or harmful to animals... more
Microbe: a living thing so tiny that you would need a microscope to see it... more
Probiotic: food or another substance that helps to replenish microorganisms in specific parts of the body.
Escherichia coli (E. coli)
We already know that microbes live everywhere. We know that the human body contains more bacterial cells than human cells. And scientists estimate that there are more bacteria in your mouth alone than there are people living on Earth. But not all bacteria are bad. In fact, most are good. We could not survive without bacteria. Most bacteria in our bodies actually work to keep us healthy. They fight bad bacteria.
Normally, E. coli is a good kind of bacteria. It is mostly harmless. E. coli lives in our intestines and on our skin. It helps to break down food and keeps our digestive systems running smoothly. But a few types, or strains, of E. coli can give us cramps and cause diarrhea. Infections from bad strains of E. coli are rare. Most people get infected from contaminated food or water. Undercooked meat and raw, unwashed vegetables can carry the bad microbes. E. coli bacteria can pass easily from person to person, especially when infected people don't wash their hands properly. That is why it is important to always wash your hands after you use the bathroom and before you eat or serve food.
Lactobacillus is one of many families of “good bacteria.” These microbes live in our mouths and intestines. They help to prevent the overgrowth of harmful bacteria.
A common form is called Lactobacillus acidophilus. It helps our body to maintain a normal balance of good bacteria. L. acidophilus works by breaking down lactose and other sugars. It helps to promote healthy digestion.
These microbes are found in milk and fermented foods like yogurt, pickles, cheese, and sauerkraut. Lactobacilli and other helpful bacteria are sometimes called “probiotic.”
Additional images from Wikimedia via Mattosaurus (E. coli).
Dr. Biology. (2014, July 08). Lacto and E.Coli. ASU - Ask A Biologist. Retrieved February 20, 2018 from https://askabiologist.asu.edu/lacto-and-ecoli
Dr. Biology. "Lacto and E.Coli". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 08 July, 2014. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/lacto-and-ecoli
Dr. Biology. "Lacto and E.Coli". ASU - Ask A Biologist. 08 Jul 2014. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. 20 Feb 2018. https://askabiologist.asu.edu/lacto-and-ecoli